WASHINGTON — Concerns raised by the nation’s top consumer watchdog about the health hazards posed by gas stoves has triggered a sharp rebuke from the oil and gas industry and their Republican allies, inserting a common kitchen appliance into the middle of partisan politics.
Critics were pushing back hard Wednesday against recent comments made by Richard Trumka Jr., a commissioner of the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, that his agency might take some regulatory action in the face of growing research that links gas stoves to pollutants that harm both human health and the environment.
“This is a hidden hazard,” Mr. Trumka said an interview with Bloomberg on Monday. “Any option is on the table. Products that can’t be made safe can be banned.”
Those words were echoing around a Wednesday breakfast meeting of the American Petroleum Institute, where the oil and gas industry and its supporters in Congress had gathered to discuss the upcoming legislative agenda.
“The federal government has no business telling American families how to cook their dinner,” said Representative Cathy McMorris Rodgers, a Washington Republican and the chairwoman of the House Committee on Energy and Commerce, who was at the breakfast. “Gas stoves are very important and we need to understand what’s being proposed and why.”
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Mr. Trumka tried to quell the firestorm. “To be clear, C.P.S.C. isn’t coming for anyone’s gas stoves,” he wrote on Monday on Twitter, adding that any regulations would apply to new products.
But Republicans remained outraged, with Ms. McMorris Rodgers promising to look into the Consumer Product Safety Commission. “We will do oversight,” she said, adding that she questioned some of the newest research linking gas stoves to asthma.
At least one Democrat joined the fray. “This is a recipe for disaster,” Senator Joe Manchin III, Democrat of West Virginia, wrote on Twitter on Tuesday. “I can tell you the last thing that would ever leave my house is the gas stove that we cook on.”
Mike Sommers, the president of the American Petroleum Institute, said a ban on gas stoves was “not going to happen.” He predicted a backlash from homeowners across the country. Gas stoves are used in about 35 percent of households nationwide, or about 40 million homes.
“People love their gas stoves,” Mr. Sommers said.
Researchers have increasingly documented significant indoor air pollution and negative health impacts from gas stoves.
A study published in December estimated that gas-burning stoves are responsible for 12.7 percent of childhood asthma in the United States. Gas stoves emit nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide and fine particulate matter when they are turned on, sometimes at levels that exceed guidelines from the Environmental Protection Agency and the World Health Organization. They also release other harmful air pollutants that are known or suspected to cause cancer, and can even leak those chemicals when they are turned off.
The debate over proposals to limit the use of gas in homes because of its impact on climate change and public health has grown since 2019, when Berkeley became the first city in the country to ban gas hookups in most new homes and buildings. Since then, dozens of cities in California and across the country have enacted similar ordinances that target not just gas stoves, but other appliances like gas-fired furnaces and water heaters.
On Tuesday, Gov. Kathy Hochul of New York proposed the legislature phase out the sale of fossil fuel heating equipment in existing residential buildings beginning in 2030 and require new residential and commercial buildings be all-electric by 2025 and 2030, respectively.
A stream of Republican lawmakers attacked Mr. Trumka and the Biden administration on Twitter for even contemplating restrictions on gas stoves. “Unelected bureaucrats should not have the type of power to even consider such an action,” Representative Gary Palmer, Republican of Alabama, wrote on Twitter. “It is time to rein in the Biden administration and their continual desire to control American’s lives and decisions.”
On his Fox television show, Tucker Carlson featured a chef who spoke about how his costs would go up and productivity go down by using electric stoves. “This will destroy our industry,” he said.
The commission has not currently initiated any proceedings to ban gas stoves and are “not looking to ban gas stoves,” the chairman of the safety commission, Alexander Hoehn-Saric, said in a statement on Wednesday morning. In the spring, the agency will begin to seek public comment on gas stove hazards and potential solutions for reducing risks.
“Research indicates that emissions from gas stoves can be hazardous, and the C.P.S.C. is looking for ways to reduce related indoor air quality hazards,” he added.
The White House did not respond to a request for comment.